ART: (Assisted Reproductive Technology) Medical procedure or treatment that helps a woman conceive.
Azoospermia: Complete absence of sperm in semen.
Egg Retrieval: A surgical procedure to obtain eggs from follicles in the uterus.
Estradiol: Hormone produced by the ovaries.
Embryo Transfer: Placing fertilized eggs (or embryos) back into a women’s uterus or fallopian tubes.
FSH: (Follicle Stimulating Hormone)
Implantation: When a fertilized egg (or embryo) adhere to the lining in the uterus.
IUI: (Intrauterine Insemination) Facilitating fertilization by placing sperm inside a women’s uterus.
IVF: (In-Vitro Fertilization) Eggs are retrieved from the ovaries and fertilized outside the female body, then transferred back to the uterus.
ICSI: (Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection) Process sometimes used during IVF in which a single sperm is injected into an egg outside of the body.
MESA: (Microsurgical Epididymal Sperm Aspiration) procedure to obtain sperm from men with a blockage in their reproductive tract.
TESA: (Testicular Sperm Aspiration) procedure done under local anesthesia to obtain sperm directly from the testicles.
Vitrification: Process for freezing embryo’s so no intracellular ice forms. Vitrification allows for a high freeze-thaw rate (95%) that leads to outcomes comparable to fresh embryos. Learn more about vitrification vs. other methods here: http://www.ivfauthority.com/2009/06/egg-and-embryo-freezing-vitrification.html.